Friday, July 12, 2019

Cabinet approves Code on Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Bill, 2019.

Date : 12.07.2019

Cabinet approves Code on Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Bill, 2019.

13 Central Labour Laws brought in ambit of New Code.

Posted On: 10 JUL 2019 6:04PM by PIB Delhi.

In the spirit of ‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikaas’ and ‘Sabka Vishwas’, the NDA Government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been continuously working for the benefit of people from various walks of life. With this objective, the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved for introduction of the Code on Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Bill, 2019 in the Parliament. This proposal would enhance the coverage of the safety, health and working conditions provisions manifold as compared to the present scenario. The decision will enhance the coverage of the safety, health and working conditions provisions manifold as compared to the present scenario.

The New Code has been drafted after amalgamation, simplification and rationalisation of the relevant provisions of the 13 Central Labour Acts:

• The Factories Act, 1948;

• The Mines Act, 1952; 

• The Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986;

• The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996;

• The Plantations Labour Act, 1951;

• The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970;

• The Inter-State Migrant workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979;

• The Working Journalist and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service and Misc. Provision) Act, 1955;

• The Working Journalist (Fixation of rates of wages) Act, 1958;

• The Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961;

• Sales Promotion Employees (Condition of Service) Act, 1976;

• The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966; and

• The Cine Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers Act, 1981. 

After the enactment of the Code, all these Acts being subsumed in the Code will be repealed.

#Benefits

Safety, Health, welfare and improved Working Conditions are pre-requisite for well-being of the worker and also for economic growth of the country as healthy workforce of the country would be more productive and occurrence of less accidents and unforeseen incidents would be economically beneficial to the employers also. With the ultimate aim of extending the safety and healthy working conditions to all workforce of the country, the Code enhances the ambit of provisions of safety, health, welfare and working conditions from existing about 9 major sectors to all establishments having 10 or more employees.

PIB

Wage imbalance

Date : 12.07.2019

Wage imbalance

Income inequalities must be reduced. But a National Minimum Wage may have unintended consequences.

Last week, the Union cabinet approved the revised version of the Code on the Wages Bill. The bill envisages a national minimum wage, linked to factors such as skill level and geographical region. This national wage would effectively serve as a floor wage, with states having the option of setting higher wages. Minimum wage legislation forms a vital component of the architecture for social protection. A well designed minimum wage system, as articulated in the Economic Survey 2018-19, can help “reduce inequalities in income, bridge gender gaps in wages and alleviate poverty”. It could also help address the imbalance of power between workers and employers.

Having said that, the government must carefully think through the consequences of this move for the very constituency it seeks to address. There is concern that if wages are pushed up, without being linked to productivity, companies will respond by hiring fewer workers. In a country where preference for capital intensive production is well documented, despite the abundance of labour, a high minimum wage may further skew the capital-labour ratio. It is also likely that companies will try to circumvent the system by opting to route part of their workforce through informal channels. By pushing up costs, a high minimum wage could erode competitiveness, making certain segments economically unfeasible. Coming at a time when India is struggling to find ways to boost exports, especially those of labour intensive sectors such as garments, such a move might have unintended consequences. And while the bill has proposed to take into account regional variations, wage differences across regions could impact labour mobility. Then, there’s also the structure of the labour market in India to consider. The duality of the labour market, characterised by the presence of a large informal sector — 93 per cent workers are in the informal economy according to the latest Economic Survey — suggests that enforcement is likely to be problematic.

It is also true that with little bargaining power, workers are being squeezed, and that the government must intervene to address this. Though the share of workers’ wages in gross value added has risen to 12.7 per cent in 2016-17, up from a low of 9.2 per cent in 2007-08, it remains well below levels seen in the early 1980s. But it must be asked whether, for serving the goals of equity and justice, a high minimum wage is the best way forward. Lowering the costs associated with formalisation, creating more flexible labour laws, might be a more prudent approach.

The Indian Express

Guidelines on sanction of claim amount : PLI Directorate.

Date : 12.07.2019

Guidelines on sanction of claim amount  : PLI Directorate.

Request to postpone the GDS to PA/SA examination and allow applications from all eligible GDS including who are now working as PM/MTS : GS NAPEc letter to Secretary,DoP.

Date : 12.07.2019

Request to postpone the GDS to PA/SA examination and allow applications from all eligible GDS including who are now working as PM/MTS : GS NAPEc letter to Secretary,DoP.